Metabolomics and diabetes: analytical and computational approaches.

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TitleMetabolomics and diabetes: analytical and computational approaches.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsSas KM, Karnovsky A, Michailidis G, Pennathur S
JournalDiabetes
Volume64
Issue3
Pagination718-32
Date Published2015 Mar
ISSN1939-327X
KeywordsAnimals, Diabetes Mellitus, Humans, Magnetic Resonance Spectroscopy, Mass Spectrometry, Metabolomics
Abstract

Diabetes is characterized by altered metabolism of key molecules and regulatory pathways. The phenotypic expression of diabetes and associated complications encompasses complex interactions between genetic, environmental, and tissue-specific factors that require an integrated understanding of perturbations in the network of genes, proteins, and metabolites. Metabolomics attempts to systematically identify and quantitate small molecule metabolites from biological systems. The recent rapid development of a variety of analytical platforms based on mass spectrometry and nuclear magnetic resonance have enabled identification of complex metabolic phenotypes. Continued development of bioinformatics and analytical strategies has facilitated the discovery of causal links in understanding the pathophysiology of diabetes and its complications. Here, we summarize the metabolomics workflow, including analytical, statistical, and computational tools, highlight recent applications of metabolomics in diabetes research, and discuss the challenges in the field.

DOI10.2337/db14-0509
Alternate JournalDiabetes
PubMed ID25713200
PubMed Central IDPMC4338589
Grant List2UL1-TR-000433 / TR / NCATS NIH HHS / United States
DK-081943 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
DK-082841 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
DK-089503 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
DK-094292 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States
DK-097153 / DK / NIDDK NIH HHS / United States