Altered fecal short chain fatty acid composition in children with a history of Hirschsprung-associated enterocolitis.

Mon, 2016-01-25 10:57 -- voskuhlt
TitleAltered fecal short chain fatty acid composition in children with a history of Hirschsprung-associated enterocolitis.
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsDemehri FR, Frykman PK, Cheng Z, Ruan C, Wester T, Nordenskjöld A, Kawaguchi A, Hui TT, Granström AL, Funari V, Teitelbaum DH
Corporate AuthorsHAEC Collaborative Research Group(HCRG)
JournalJ Pediatr Surg
Volume51
Issue1
Pagination81-6
Date Published2016 Jan
ISSN1531-5037
Abstract

PURPOSE: Children with Hirschsprung disease (HD) who have a history of enterocolitis (HAEC) have a shift in colonic microbiota, many of which are necessary for short chain fatty acid (SCFA) production. As SCFAs play a critical role in colonic mucosal preservation, we hypothesized that fecal SCFA composition is altered in children with HAEC.METHODS: A multicenter study enrolled 18 HD children, abstracting for history of feeding, antibiotic/probiotic use, and enterocolitis symptoms. HAEC status was determined per Pastor et al. criteria (12). Fresh feces were collected for microbial community analysis via 16S sequencing as well as SCFA analysis by gas chromatography-mass spectrometry.RESULTS: Nine patients had a history of HAEC, and nine had never had HAEC. Fecal samples from HAEC children showed a 4-fold decline in total SCFA concentration vs. non-HAEC HD patients. We then compared the relative composition of individual SCFAs and found reduced acetate and increased butyrate in HAEC children. Finally, we measured relative abundance of SCFA-producing fecal microbiota. Interestingly, 10 of 12 butyrate-producing genera as well as 3 of 4 acetate-producing genera demonstrated multi-fold expansion.CONCLUSION: Children with HAEC history have reduced fecal SCFAs and altered SCFA profile. These findings suggest a complex interplay between the colonic metabolome and changes in microbiota, which may influence the pathogenesis of HAEC.

DOI10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2015.10.012
Alternate JournalJ. Pediatr. Surg.
PubMed ID26561246